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5th Grade Science

5th Grade Science

25 Questions
1. Something that takes up space and has mass.
A volume B matter
C mass D density
2. A state of matter that has a definite volume and shape.
A solid B liquid
C gas D matter
3. Most young animals inherit similar appearances, such as shape and color, from their parent
animals. Which best describes why a baby deer (fawn) has spots when the adult deer do
not?
The spots help camouflage the fawn for The spots help a fawn to be seen when
A B
protection. crossing roads.
The adult deer lose their spots by rubbing
C
against trees.
4. What characteristic is inherited by only some members of its species?
A gills on a fish B wings on a bird
C spots on a horse D trunk on an elephant
5. Which characteristic would a child not inherit from one or both of its parents?
A freckles B hair style
C eye color D dimples 6. A litter of kittens have traits that are similar to both the mother cat and the father cat. Which
best explains this situation?
The kittens are provided the same kind of The kittens inherit some of their traits
A milk from their mother as they grow. B from their mother and some from their
father.
The kittens are kept at the same The kittens are taught by their parents to
C temperatures by their mother when they D have similar traits.
are first born.
7. The outside layer of the earth is called ______________________.
A core B crust
C mantle D outer core
8. Most earthquakes happen along the _________________. 
A coast B faults
C desert D directions
9. What is Magma when it reaches the surface of Earth?
A Lava B Mafic Magma
C Felsic Magma D None of these
10. Dormant volcanoes might erupt in the future.
A True B False 11. What will happen when these magnets are brought close together?
A They will attract each other. B They will repel each other.
C Both magnets will turn to the left D Both magnets will turn to the right
12. True or False: All metals stick to magnets.
A True B False
13. Why does a compass needle point north?
A The compass is a bar magnet B Because north is up
C Because it's magic D It lines up with the Earth's magnetic field
14. Where is Earth's magnetic field strongest?
A Along the outside lines B Along the inside lines on either side
Where the lines are close together at the In the space outside of the lines
C D
poles
15. This instrument can be used to see if materials conduct electricity.
 Which of these groups contains items that could all conduct
electricity to complete the circuit?
A rubber ball, plastic comb, nail B paper clip, penny, screw
C cork, dollar bill, tweezers D pencil, eraser, spoon 16. ____________ allows electricity to flow.
A A conductor B An insulator
C A magnet
17. When a balloon is rubbed on the hair ...
negative charges are transferred from the positive charges are transferred from the
A B
hair to the balloon. hair to the balloon.
negative charges are transferred from the positive charges are transferred from the
C D
balloon to the hair. balloon to the hair.
18. What kind of circuit is this?
A Series B Parallel
19. A deep valley with steep walls that cut into the earth caused by erosion from running water.
A Valley B Canyon
C Gulf D River
20. A place where plants and animals live and grow is called a
____________. It provides, food, water, shelter, and air.
A shelter B tree
C habitat D organism 21. In which state of matter are molecules moving the slowest?
A solid B liquid
C gas D all of the above
22. Gas particles are...
A tightly packed. B loosely bonded and flowing.
free to fly in all directions. so hot that the electrons are removed
C D
from the nucleus.
23. Which best describes an inherited trait?
a characteristic one chooses to express a characteristic one receives from the food
A B
one eats
a characteristic that is passed on from a characteristic that is influenced by one’s
C D
one’s parents surroundings
24. Traits that are passed from parents to their offspring are
A Acquired traits B Learned Traits
C Inherited Traits D Genes
25. A dog sitting on command is an example of what type of trait?
A acquired trait B inherited trait Answer Key
1.b 2.a 3.a 4.c
5.b 6.b 7.b 8.b
9.a 10.a 11.b 12.b
13.d 14.c 15.b 16.a
17.a 18.b 19.b 20.c
21.a 22.c 23.c 24.c
25.a"